Concrete Shed Base Thickness

In most cases, you’ll need both 2-in. 7 wall thickness marine grade. Of course, more materials will almost always increase the total cost. One of the reasons a gravel foundation is one of the most popular choices for garden sheds is that it allows you to spread the weight of your shed and everything it in over the surface of the entire foundation. ), you'll need around 1. New Question: (12-11-2009) See Post # 7 I plan on pouring a slab foundation for an 8x12' shed I'll be erecting soon. 25' = 12 cu ft 2 bags per cubic ft = 24 bags add 10%, 3 bags for compacting total 27 bags of ballast CEMENT 1 bag (25kg) of cement mixed with the ballast in the ratio of 1:5, 1 bag of cement to 5 bags of ballast 27 bags of ballast divide by 5 and round up would = 6 bags of. The thinner applications would include drives, walkways, slabs and footers, just […]. These flooring panels need to be supported underneath by a smooth, level foundation. Make sure that all the sod is removed and the gravel base is compacted. Are you wondering what a concrete base might cost for a sectional building? We get asked this question a lot, so we've created a tool (below) that let's you play around with different sizes to help you get an indication of garage base costs. Only heavy weight object will be a chest freezer, otherwise it is general storage. It is commonly used for houses, factories and large warehouses. Usage Calculator From small DIY jobs through to larger building projects our fast and friendly local service combined with guaranteed. Concrete is perfect for creating a solid, hard-wearing base for your garden shed. Using a spirit level, fill or dig out areas in order to ensure the box is level. Take a look at our fantastic range of concrete sectional garages, sheds and buildings. Dig the area deep enough to accommodate the sub base (100mm) and damp-proof membrane (dpm) as well as the thickness of the concrete slab itself. In 1993, along with Ianto Evans and Linda Smiley, he started the Cob Cottage Company, a research and teaching group focused on reviving and improving traditional forms of earthen construction. A 4-inch slab is generally a good thickness for a typical shed. nz , Tel: Professionals helpline - 0800 80 80 85 - is available free to those who work. This type of foundation is used when the shallow soils can safely support the foundation loads. Now you’re going to build the base of your shed. So how thick should you pour your floor? I recommend a standard 4″ floor for most residential pole buildings. IDOT CA-6 which contains 3/4" limestone and crushed limestone can be compacted a lot easier and is better suited as a base. If you can't get long enough boards, splice them together by nailing a 4-ft. Another option is to build your framing on posts. The right concrete slab thickness is critical. Step 2: Build the base. - Concrete Wall Foundation-With this foundation, the concrete wall is set on a footing below the frost line. P Construction/ Renovation and Landscaping LTD. Thickness of concrete - 125mm (5 inches) for family sized car or 150mm (6 inches) for light vans etc. The ground is flat. Does include grading, 4" thickness, gravel base, rebar, and basic finishing. To keep the house and the room from being sucked into the air during a tornado, large footings that work like anchors are added to the walls to hold the room in place. For many types of projects concrete footings or wooden beam footings are suitable, and due to cost and the amount of time involved there are few situations when you would need to create a container foundation this large. Your shed will fit quite nicely on top of the stones. Remember that extra time spent preparing a good base is normally repaid with time saved later on during the installation Read the article on building a base for. I'd recommend 3 or 4 coats. An experienced concrete contractor will understand the plans. It is important to select the right grade for your concrete shed slab. It has survived like that for 14 years so far with no problems. All good, but then decided to position the hoist differently within the sheddoh. A reinforced wall, either poured concrete or concrete block, always contains some form of reinforcing steel. The right concrete slab thickness is critical. Although a gravel floor may be adequate in some cases, the best design incorporates a concrete slab at least 4 inches thick. Monolithic slabs (Photo Below) are foundation systems constructed as one single concrete pour that consists of a concrete slab with thickened portions of the slab under load. 1 Orientation Precast foundations shall be oriented parallel to the curb or street as shown in Figure 3. Take three 12 feet long pieces of pressure treated wood and make the skids for the shed floor. How to build a concrete base raft foundation. 5 inches of slab. 5 to 5" thick. This will add the strength of the log cabin base. Level out the concrete with a roller and leave it to dry for a day. 5 m3 Footing Design Suitability Pad (mass concrete) Fencing, Decks, Pergolas, Carports, Garden Structures… Strip Footings (reinforced concrete) Retaining Walls, Masonry Fencing, Housing and Small Buildings…. Calculate the required weight and volume of readymix concrete you need for your wall, column, steps, slabs, footings, and others. Obviously the height of the timber is going to denote your chosen thickness of concrete as you’re going to concrete up to the top of the shuttering. Brock Base technologies have been replacing the stone base under world class athletic fields since 2004, with over 20 million square feet installed. On the face of things, building a shed base or any other building for that matter such as summer house, log home, or a simple garden storage might seem like a daunting. Pre-cast pads reduce installation time over pouring a pad on site and are usually the most cost-effective concrete pad. 8 mtr deep was provided. The base material must be an even thickness throughout the entire area of the project. reinforced concrete sections. One year a fox dug a hole and raised her cubs underneath it. 6 square metres of concrete. It can easily last for hundreds of years. As a rule of thumb, concrete slabs supporting lighter weights such as paths, patios and shed bases will need to be 75-100mm thick, while driveways and garages need to be at least 100mm thick. According to the table above, one cubic yard of concrete placed at a thickness of 5-inches covers 65 square feet. 5 3 Clay 1 m3 = 2. Integral to the structural design are the requirements specific to foundations, as defined in ACI 318-05 Chapter 15. Here is the problem: You put a great amount of faith in your concrete contractor to order. A thin, brittle slab will crack under the weight of the shed and what you put in it. A more typical shed foundation can be built on unlevel ground using concrete blocks. Try to mix alongside the base site so that the concrete can be placed by shovel, otherwise use a wheelbarrow. The base would need to be a minimum of 4 inches in thickness. No cutting, welding or heavy equipment required and every framing component can be lifted with average human strength and assembled with common household tools. Commercial Performance Floor Coatings. Example: Shed Base 8' Long x 6' Wide x 3" deep the Volume = 8' x 6' x 0. Exterior Paint. A foundation could be as simple as a concrete slab, or as complex as a full basement. If it was me I would form using 2x6 to give me 5 1/2" thick concrete with 10mm rebar. Easy & Quick Installations – Long-lasting Durability. The pour is going to be on top of an existing concrete floor (basement underneath). This type of foundation rests upon a reinforced concrete spread footing. Unfortunately that means that the new floor will be an inch higher than the one in the connecting room. It makes your construction project planning and budgeting more accurate. Sometimes, metal grids are also put beneath the gravel base. Take a look at our fantastic range of concrete sectional garages, sheds and buildings. Concrete masonry is well suited for below grade applications, because of its strength, durability, economy, and resistance to fire, insects and noise. nz , Tel: Professionals helpline - 0800 80 80 85 - is available free to those who work. The minimum concrete slab thickness for shed must be 100 mm or 4 inches which are enough for conventional constructions, and for the more substantial structure, the number depends on its. being 100mm (4″) thick. Give these calculations to your ready-mix supplier or use them to estimate how many 40, 60 or 80 lb. The last details to consider are the make-up of the slab itself. We serve both residential and commercial clients. Concrete pad Base Preparation If you are laying a custom made raised concrete pad ensure it is made to the correct specifications and is square otherwise your shed won’t fit! Check the assembly instructions and/or concrete pad instructions of the model of shed you are purchasing and lay your pad according to the directions. Freestanding greenhouses can have a concrete slab poured without a deep foundation. Types Of Concrete & Their Strengths. However, stabilized decomposed granite will be less susceptible to erosion. – our only goal was to fit the lawnmower inside, so we ke. What weight is a garden path or shed base going to support. Within the concrete foundation, wire mesh and steel reinforcing bars are embedded. 1m³ concrete covers 10m² at 100mm thick and 6. Concrete base Once the sub-base has been laid, you need to place the concrete base. Lifetime sheds come with interlocking polyethylene flooring panels. Concrete bases will last a lifetime and are recommended for ALL buildings. One of the most important factors before ordering ready-mix concrete is knowing the required compressive strength. Placing the Concrete. Rebar in patios, basement floors, footings and driveways may vary from size 3 to 6. As we explored in our “Hobby Greenhouse 101” guide, a greenhouse foundation can be created from wood, concrete, bricks, blocks, or other similar durable building materials. Leave your new concrete base to set for at least three days before removing the frame. The way you described your footings, 8" thick with 4 ft stem wall sounds pretty good. Ballast will do this although I prefere skalpings because it forms a firmer base. How big does my concrete base need to be?. On average, concrete delivery costs about $102. ) should be above ground level. At first glance you might think a concrete slab would be the ultimate floor and foundation system for your new shed. A concrete base will be the most durable and foundation for greenhouses Image: Allotment Book By far the most practical and durable foundation for any greenhouse is a solid concrete base. Generally, a thick layer of gravel paver base and/or sand is put down, compacted and then the concrete is poured over this. Under Slab Plumbing Properly sloped trenches Story so far. concrete slab. If the building is fairly large, steel reinforcement can be built within the base itself. Q&A - The thickness of slabs for a shed base? What do you recommend the thickness of 2ft x 2ft concrete slabs to be for a shed base? Slabs of 2 - 3 inches in thickness are fine. 7 wall thickness marine grade. 1 to 1 5/8th inch diameter holes are drilled through the sunken concrete block/slab at strategic locations to maximize lift. This type of foundation is used when the shallow soils can safely support the foundation loads. Corral pigs in it, and make sure to spread their feed as evenly as possible. If the temperature plummets below freezing in the first 24 hours after pouring, the concrete may lose as much as half of its projected strength. A shed base is an essential part of building a shed (whether they may be wooden or metal garden sheds), the base has to be properly made to give your shed a solid foundation. I maintain a concrete cover of 40 MM. Leave your new concrete base to set for at least three days before removing the frame. We are located in Milton, WA and serve all areas within 75 miles. View Details +1 (888) 234-0475. 12x21 Regular Enclosed Shed. News from Kansas provides a harsh reminder that building codes are often inadequate, at least when it comes to requirements for concrete slab foundations. the houes is g+1. concrete and inserting anchors or rebar affixed to a bracket. Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design. Foundations for Cob Building. Attach the shed walls to the stem wall with j-bolts embedded in the concrete 12 inches off each corner then 48 inches on center. How big does my concrete base need to be?. Our team not only has a wealth of knowledge when it comes to concreting but also vast experience in constructing our timber buildings, meaning we guarantee the building will marry to the concrete base perfectly. What base do I need for my concrete shed? A 4" (100mm) thick, flat, level concrete base, 6" (150mm) longer and 6" wider than the shed. This results in the following formula: As = (36 t)/ fs Where: As = cross-sectional area in square inches of steel per lineal foot of slab width t= thickness of slab in inches f’c = strength of concrete (psi) fs = allowable working stress of the reinforcement (psi). Slabs, Tarmac or Block Paving are not suitable bases for a concrete shed. To schedule your installation call Reeds Ferry Sheds® at 888-85-SHEDS (888-857-4337). Type of Footing. Thinner slabs can be used for exterior paving. The concrete mix design should be suitable for a garage base. Business Description: TL Concrete (Tech Lightweight Concrete) is a professional concrete service company. 2 cubic metres. I liked the look, durability, and also the fact that we could build it up high. Move the base to the patio and install the concrete top. Concrete is used for pathways, driveways and as a base for sheds. Our concrete calculator provides you an easy way to calculate concrete volume and estimated cost of concrete slabs, footers, walls, columns, steps, stairs, curbs and gutters in cubic feet, cubic yards, and cubic meters and inches. Remember to retain some of the removed earth for final grading and leveling after the steel building is completed. Some folks will call the monolithic, a floating foundation, while others will call the stem-wall, a footer foundation. The minimum concrete slab thickness we recommend is 100mm. Moreover, you will also be required to consider the sub-grade or soil condition of the area where the concrete will be laid. Our base installation prices are shown on every product page and is the cost for construction of a 10cm thick layer of concrete which will provide the foundation for the log cabin. Streetlight, Precast, Concrete Foundation Installation Standard Number: Superseding: Effective Date: Page: 1716. Cost Of Concrete Slab For Shed. 5 (for 2x8 sill plates), and 9. for example one polymer modified concrete can go down as thin. For details on the materials used and dimensions please see the updated video here: https://youtu. Now, that renowned product engineering comes to the world of interlocking pavers. The greenhouse base can be attached using concrete anchor bolts which are available at most home centers and hardware stores. of each corner, then space additional anchor bolts about 4 ft. These flooring panels need to be supported underneath by a smooth, level foundation. What’s the Rebate requirements? The “rebate” of a slab or foundation is the trickiest part of the whole process. One of the reasons a gravel foundation is one of the most popular choices for garden sheds is that it allows you to spread the weight of your shed and everything it in over the surface of the entire foundation. h-1042b concrete pavement restoration 30. The slab-on-grade foundation is just what it sounds like: A concrete slab poured at grade level that serves as the subfloor for the home’s main living area. What regulations apply to concrete slabs or foundation? The regulations will vary according to location. One thing to watch for when attaching an addition or garage to an existing structure is to make sure the new bottom of footing match the existing bottom of footings. This makes the area around 180 millimetres; too low so we need to bring it up by even and fill remembering that how slab thickness is 100 millimetre. All slotted posts and gravel panels are reinforced with steel and are available from stock. We chose to build a concrete block wall foundation for our 6×8’ hobby greenhouse kit. Portland cement concrete works well in mass and provides great compressive strength but not bond. I am trying to determine a flooring choice. Concrete Foundation Installation $5. The following prices include materials and professional installation for a 4” deep slab:. Foundation walls will be thicker and therefore, require more concrete to stay strong against a whole house atop them. Concrete Base A concrete foundation is really the gold standard for any building, and that includes metal buildings as well. Compared to loose DG, stabilized DG is more expensive, but it's still less money than pavers, decorative concrete and natural stone. The 4 inch foam thickness is reduced to 1 inch at bearing wall locations, resulting in a thickened slab with reinforcement, to serve as footings for those walls at the building interior. If your area gets frost, you should place a sub-base 6 inches or thicker across the site. Now you have the ideal depth of concrete slab in your workshop, it’s time to fix the two or four post hoist securely to it. A great example of a shed that is well-made and set up for insulation is the Hartwood 6’ x 8’ premium tongue-and-groove pressure-treated apex shed. The thickness of a parking lot depends heavily on the amount and type of traffic of that specific lot. $7500 is a pretty good price for a concrete slab in Calgary area. Structural concrete work is planned to bear loads, or hold weight, but transfer the weight to the soil base beneath the structure. The base must be flat, square and level and at least 3 inches (75mm) wider and 3 inches (75mm) longer than the external dimensions of the building to be supplied. Use plenty of rebar to stabalize the slab. So you will need 2 cubic metres of ballast for the concrete plus whatever you use for the hardcore. The base needs to be strong and stable, as any movement of the shed base will have a knock on effect on the stability and strength of the shed itself. Business Description: TL Concrete (Tech Lightweight Concrete) is a professional concrete service company. Funding for the project was provided by the Dia Art Foundation. This same principle applies when dealing in metric. Slab Thickness. The type of and intended use of concrete impacts the need for rebar reinforcement. Rebar must be placed at the center of or slightly above the center of the concrete slab—hence why it should be a certain thickness for best results. A slab may still be the most affordable foundation, but if you use conventional techniques, the difference in cost between full basements and slabs will be marginal: you dig below the frost line, 36" or more, and then pour a foundation before forming the slab. Concrete base Once the sub-base has been laid, you need to place the concrete base. In this Video we show you how to Setup a Perfect Square Concrete Slab from start to finish If this video helped you in anyways please dont forget to subscrib. Whether you are building a custom home, a whole development or a commercial structure, we have everything you need to build the perfect footing and foundation system. If your shed is fixed down to the base – with no floor of its own – you can more easily use what you like, but a wooden or metal floor could get in the way. Garage Base Calculator. 5 3 Clay 1 m3 = 2. Permanent; Stable and non-shifting; Consistently. Foundations for Cob Building. Concrete Slab - Residential Permit Guidelines *Per Paul Dickson, Building Official, all non-structural concrete slab and sidewalk requests do NOT require a building permit. What weight is a garden path or shed base going to support. footing of size 1. 1 to 1 5/8th inch diameter holes are drilled through the sunken concrete block/slab at strategic locations to maximize lift. Unreated 3/4" plywood. Looking for concrete work and prices? Concrete prices vary with the type, size and thickness of the concrete project. Excavation for the footing is the first task to be done. Brock Base technologies have been replacing the stone base under world class athletic fields since 2004, with over 20 million square feet installed. Though, 6-inches of each is largely the new norm for vehicles in most areas now, with 4-inch only being for walkways, sidewalks, basements, patios, etc. It makes your construction project planning and budgeting more accurate. Minimum RCC beam size should not be less than 9″x 9″ (225MM X 225MM), with an additional slab thickness of 125 MM. Building codes require that the foundation is constructed below the frost line of the area. Concrete bases will last a lifetime and are recommended for ALL buildings. The thickness of concrete is an important factor in load-bearing strength, but to conserve resources and avoid over-building, other factors are also taken into consideration. This anchor kit is intended for use on all Arrow storage buildings. Are you wondering what a concrete base might cost for a sectional building? We get asked this question a lot, so we’ve created a tool (below) that let’s you play around with different sizes to help you get an indication of garage base costs. Watch your shed being built live from our showroom floor. footing of size 1. Foundations for Cob Building. A spot or pad footing is used to support a single point of contact, such as under a pier or post. It is important !. The minimum concrete slab thickness for shed must be 100 mm or 4 inches which are enough for conventional constructions, and for the more substantial structure, the number depends on its. Pros of Concrete Bases. Concrete would have gotten an F. Concrete must be placed within half an hour of mixing. , calculate the appropriate size of the footing in square feet that it would take to spread the load out so that the footing wouldn’t exert more than 2,500 lbs/sf on the soil. The reason this is a good example is not just because the wall construction ticks the two boxes mentioned above. If the temperature plummets below freezing in the first 24 hours after pouring, the concrete may lose as much as half of its projected strength. From what I have read a lot of people seem to keep permenant sited runs on a concrete/concrete slab base to prevent the formation of a mudbath in wet weather, with some sort of flooringwoodchip, horsebeddingdown for comfort, and a tray with some sort of. Once the footings have set, we install a stem wall as is normally done on any footing. If you want the Yardmaster 9’9” by 9’11” apex metal garden shed, a plastic shed base filled with pea gravel might be the quickest and easiest way to lay such a large base. Use our handy concrete calculator below to compute the volume you will need for a range of structures, including square slabs, footings, round slabs, columns, stairs and fence post holes. The base material must be an even thickness throughout the entire area of the project. Swift Plinth A concrete plinth foundation system for garden rooms, using 60% less concrete Read More Swift Plinth Plus A concrete plinth foundation system for log cabins, using 50% less concrete. how thick and wide should a concrete pad foundation be with a measure ment of 5. Achor bolts or straps are set in wet concrete to tie the sill plate to the foundation. To keep the house and the room from being sucked into the air during a tornado, large footings that work like anchors are added to the walls to hold the room in place. A concrete mix of 1 part cement : 2 parts sand : 4 parts coarse aggregate should be used for a concrete slab. UK-Made Pre-stressed Concrete Floor Beams in 155mm, 225mm, or to your specifications. Brock Base technologies have been replacing the stone base under world class athletic fields since 2004, with over 20 million square feet installed. Mud jacking can lift a settled concrete slab by pumping a grout through the concrete and pushing it up from below. I think that a concrete slab is the cheapest and easiest way to go. If you enter your first two measurements, (for example, 5 metres x 3 metres) and your depth is 6 inches or 150mm, you would enter this as 5m x 4m x 0. Do not set a 'fall' in the base for a concrete garage otherwise the whole building will lean with the base. The thickness of the footing cannot be less than the greatest horizontal distance from the edge of the post to the edge of the footing. The right concrete slab thickness is critical. The top of the stem wall should be 5 inches above ground level minimum, which makes a 4 inch gap from the ground to the bottom of the siding when using a 1 inch siding overhang. In most cases in the MIdwest, you must have the following: Minimum of 4″ thick slab for normal residential use ( cars, light trucks, etc ). TYPES OF CRAWL SPACE FOOTINGS. Build a Concrete Foundation. PaverBase™ is the new, better way to lay pavers in pedestrian areas. The panels can be bolted to the floor using Excalibur bolts - bolting is essential for 3. Base material that fluctuates in height from 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 inches over the project will create long-term shifting and cracking problems. Post foundation embedment is determined by anticipated wind gusts and frost heave. A pier and beam (sometimes called post and beam) foundation involves wood posts or concrete piers set into the ground and bearing the weight of the building on foundation beams. A wooden base can be anchored into the ground with three foot lengths of rebar. In most cases in the MIdwest, you must have the following: Minimum of 4″ thick slab for normal residential use ( cars, light trucks, etc ). Extremely cold climates mean deeper pole embedment to keep the post below the point where frost heave occurs. The depth is around. CONCRETE SPECS. Shed foundation question: joshs: Building & Construction: 16: 06-12-2014 09:19 PM: Shed foundation where tree stump used to be: pkarabetis: Building & Construction: 6: 05-20-2014 03:05 PM: Leveling skids for a shed on a unlevel concrete foundation: will02: Building & Construction: 7: 01-16-2012 02:58 PM: help me decide on a shed foundation. – our only goal was to fit the lawnmower inside, so we ke. Stake out the basic dimensions of the shed. I think that a concrete slab is the cheapest and easiest way to go. Steel-reinforced slabs, typically between 100 and 500 mm thick, are most often used to construct floors and ceilings, while thinner mud slabs may be used for exterior paving (see below). Garage Base Calculator. Avoid "the middleman" at the big box store. The 4 inch foam thickness is reduced to 1 inch at bearing wall locations, resulting in a thickened slab with reinforcement, to serve as footings for those walls at the building interior. 1m²) should cost? I would need the grass digging out, 4 inches of gravel hardcore laying and a damp proof membrane putting down. The lower edge is hemmed and laps the base flashing and is formed to be a snug fit against the base flashing. 10x20 a-frame wood storage sheds delivered on a gravel base that was recessed on the one end. 5 to 5" thick. Here are some estimates for some of our basic sheds: The 10×8 takes two people 4-5 hours, the 5×3 takes 1 hour, the 4×8 takes 3-4 hours; and the 8×6 takes 2 people 3-4 hours. Soil Pressure = the capacity of the soil to resist a load placed on it. Does include grading, 4" thickness, gravel base, rebar, and basic finishing. Concrete costs an average of $113 per cubic yard, but that varies by location and vendor. Unfortunately that means that the new floor will be an inch higher than the one in the connecting room. Consider using 2x10 or 2x12 beams doubled or tripled on each row. 2" of concrete on soil with a bit of rubble under if you like. mm thick, increasing to M36 for plates over 50 mm thick. Our mix-on-site concrete calculation is based on batching by volume (Large construction sites employ batching by weight which is more exact). its not so much how much weight you are going to put on it that matters, it is the stabilty of the ground underneath the concrete. Concrete footings, when used to support a perimeter enclosure that supports greater than 8 inches of backfill, must. Our concrete calculator provides you an easy way to calculate concrete volume and estimated cost of concrete slabs, footers, walls, columns, steps, stairs, curbs and gutters in cubic feet, cubic yards, and cubic meters and inches. Attach the shed walls to the stem wall with j-bolts embedded in the concrete 12 inches off each corner then 48 inches on center. In this area, there is a slight slope in the land running into a far corner. Calculate the required weight and volume of readymix concrete you need for your wall, column, steps, slabs, footings, and others. Material List Foundation Material, Concrete Blocks or 4x4’s 7 – 2x6x8 Treated 2 – 2x6x12 Treated. The thickness of concrete is an important factor in load-bearing strength, but to conserve resources and avoid over-building, other factors are also taken into consideration. Otherwise, the thick mortar joints will shrink and your finished walls will lose a bit of height when the mortar is fully cured. NOTE: Trench foundation excavations in excess of 2. A plastic shed base is an excellent fuss-free, low-cost option for creating a firm foundation for your shed or other garden building. If these steps are performed correctly, the owner can expect an attractive, durable product. NUDURA Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs) are the superior alternative to traditional building methods and materials. Now you have the ideal depth of concrete slab in your workshop, it’s time to fix the two or four post hoist securely to it. This is a building construction style which usually uses glass bottles (although mason jars, glass jugs, and other glass containers may be used also) as masonry units and binds them using adobe, sand, cement, stucco, clay, plaster, mortar or any other joint compound. footing of size 1. Simpson Strong-Tie category "Concrete Connectors and Anchors". Concrete Slab - Residential Permit Guidelines *Per Paul Dickson, Building Official, all non-structural concrete slab and sidewalk requests do NOT require a building permit. The slab-on-grade foundation is just what it sounds like: A concrete slab poured at grade level that serves as the subfloor for the home’s main living area. Use plenty of rebar to stabalize the slab. Outline the shed area and rake it fairly level. Determine the angle of the slope. The right shed slab thickness. As a rule; your base must be 75mm larger that the finished slab to allow for formwork. Especially, for the do-it-yourselfers because our diy mobile home skirting kits look amazing when you’re finished. Set nine stacks for most sheds, three on. Calculate the required weight and volume of readymix concrete you need for your wall, column, steps, slabs, footings, and others. Concrete slab foundations for your container project are the largest, and most expensive type of foundation that you can build. Get demolition and removal projects done, simply. Commonly, concrete slabs are between 4 and 20 inches thick and are used for a purpose of floor and ceiling construction. But not every concrete mix is the same, and depending on what you are aiming to achieve, you need to get a concrete mix that is fit for purpose. The CE Mark certifies that our buildings comply with the Construction Products Regulation or CPR, the certificate applies to Structural Components for Steel Structures - Design and Manufacture of PVC-Coated Steel Sheds, Garages, Workshops, Home Offices, Garden Rooms and Greenhouses. The base material should not be used to fill in low spots throughout the area of the project. 5 to 5" thick. What weight is a garden path or shed base going to support. 600mm wide x 600mm long x 40mm thick concrete paving slabs. Go to My Project List Continue Shopping You are not logged in to save your list permanently. Poor base preparation can result in settlement, varying concrete slab thickness, and poor drainage, which can lead to cracking. Concrete must be placed within half an hour of mixing. 25' = 12 cu ft 2 bags per cubic ft = 24 bags add 10%, 3 bags for compacting total 27 bags of ballast CEMENT 1 bag (25kg) of cement mixed with the ballast in the ratio of 1:5, 1 bag of cement to 5 bags of ballast 27 bags of ballast divide by 5 and round up would = 6 bags of. We provide the most comprehensive range in the UK today - if you can't see the building you want, ask us - we have the in house ability to design, manufacture and build the building you want. The concrete exceeds industry standards for strength and is unreinforced. Wanted: Concrete pad for my garden shed I am looking for an experienced contractor to build a 7 ft x 24 ft garden shed concrete pad. We recommend that your base is slightly higher than the surrounding area in order to help keep your building dry. A spot or pad footing is used to support a single point of contact, such as under a pier or post. Concrete Base. It's a good idea to keep the thickness of the mortar joints to a minimum whenever possible - ideally about 1/2" (1. Minimum RCC beam size should not be less than 9″x 9″ (225MM X 225MM), with an additional slab thickness of 125 MM. (If you don't want to actually measure but can determine by a sting, both diagonals must be equal for a squared foundation. Hi We are looking to keep a few chickens in our back garden and having being trying to research a bit before deciding on our set-up. Use our handy concrete calculator below to compute the volume you will need for a range of structures, including square slabs, footings, round slabs, columns, stairs and fence post holes. It is recommended to have an elevated area on the slab that actually makes the inside floor part of your shed. 1 Orientation Precast foundations shall be oriented parallel to the curb or street as shown in Figure 3. 6/2/2011 CGC, CBC, CRC, Concrete Forming and Placing Contractor, Concrete Placing and. Regardless, here’s the quick definition of both. (Photos: Joesph Truini) Precast pier blocks. Highly durable, high quality coatings designed for superior performance on all exterior substrates. Will the shed all work and function as normal with the concrete that has been placed? 70mm is still a OK thickness, not optimal, but will be fine for most home handman shed floors. On a good compacted gravel base, a 4 inch thick concrete slab will be all you need to build or set a pre-built shed on. Within the concrete foundation, wire mesh and steel reinforcing bars are embedded. Consider using 2x10 or 2x12 beams doubled or tripled on each row. 5x7 Car Shelter (10072) 6x5 Metal Shed (41872) 8x6 Metal Shed (41372) Pent Roof Metal Sheds. This calculator will provide you with an estimate of how much concrete sand, weed membrane and sub-base you will need for your paving project. of each corner, then space additional anchor bolts about 4 ft. Your shed will fit quite nicely on top of the stones. A shed base is an essential part of building a shed (whether they may be wooden or metal garden sheds), the base has to be properly made to give your shed a solid foundation. Pole Barns Direct offers a few different products that combine the cost efficiency of post frame construction with the structural benefits of a concrete foundation. Freezing can lift it and crack it, it is considered a permanent improvement which can raise your property taxes. The 'height' is the distance between an angle and the opposite side where a line meets the side at right angles. use the plate compactor on your level builidng site then levelinside your concrete forms with washed fill sand then use a vibratory plate compactor and pack the base every couple inches until it is stable. I would make it at least 3" thick and I would probably use remesh. We provide a step by step guide on the best practices for building a concrete base area for your new shed to be sited on. But a slab has two main drawbacks you should consider before you make a final decision. 50 per square foot, including materials and labor. The thickness of the wall with regard to its height is also extremely important. You can also use the larger widths with 2x4 or 2x6 sill plates by wrapping the excess up over the base of the exterior wood sheathing. Foundation Material Bulking Sand 1m3 = 1 m3 Rock 1 m3 = 1. As a rule of thumb, concrete slabs supporting lighter weights such as paths, patios and shed bases will need to be 75-100mm thick, while driveways and garages need to be at least 100mm thick. The CE Mark certifies that our buildings comply with the Construction Products Regulation or CPR, the certificate applies to Structural Components for Steel Structures - Design and Manufacture of PVC-Coated Steel Sheds, Garages, Workshops, Home Offices, Garden Rooms and Greenhouses. It is recommended that the concrete base be at least 150mm thick ( a 5 000 litre water tank holds 5 tons of water!) Any brick/concrete block type of product used to manufacture the bases should be allowed to set/dry (the mortar between) for at least 36-48 hours before filling-in with the concrete base. footing of size 1. No cutting, welding or heavy equipment required and every framing component can be lifted with average human strength and assembled with common household tools. 5x7 Car Shelter (10072) 6x5 Metal Shed (41872) 8x6 Metal Shed (41372) Pent Roof Metal Sheds. This service normally takes a day to complete (weather permitting). The Base Rock and Drain Rock selections will supply a default density of the rock; the Custom selection requires an entry for rock density in the Density field. Typical sizes include 3. The thickness of a parking lot depends heavily on the amount and type of traffic of that specific lot. In this guide we will take you through the process of laying a concrete pad for a 1. We recommend making a concrete base the same size as the base of your building or 25mm smaller on all sides than the base of the shed. Methods used for finding slab thickness varies for different types of slabs. h-1042b concrete pavement restoration 30. Seven people took shelter in a Safe Sheds storm shelter before the full force of the tornado struck them directly. Rubble used for the hardcore will have voids that need filling up. These are precast concrete freestanding panels that sit directly onto the concrete floor. That requires an excavation of at least 6 inches to make a slab that will be 2 inches above the surrounding ground. When in doubt always make it stronger! Increase to 12" piers with 6x6 posts. The foundation system must be evaluated with respect to load bearing values of the soil. Ballast will do this although I prefere skalpings because it forms a firmer base. A shed must be built on a hard surface. Unlike setting a shed on blocks, which are also built in piers, concrete piers go fairly deep into the ground, and are a permanent foundation. concrete slab foundation Typically a slab 3-4 inches thick laid over a subbase of 4 inches of gravel or crushed rock is sufficient but may vary depending on your geographic location. (trench filled with concrete) around the perimeter, with the rest of the concrete slab Of concrete; used for garages, and basement floors. Bottle wall construction. Shape and Size of piers. For standard commercial jobs, the dense-graded aggregate layer is typically about 8” thick. spot footing is typically a 2' by 2' square pad, 10" to 12" thick, and made with reinforced steel. The base needs to be strong and stable, as any movement of the shed base will have a knock on effect on the stability and strength of the shed itself. Two-inch lumber can take three to four times as long to air- dry to a certain MC as 1-inch lumber of the same species. Placing the Concrete. Insulation can be added over the existing concrete slab or under a new one. 2×12 cleat over the joint. In order for a concrete room to effectively resist high winds and flying debris, most rooms built with precast concrete walls rely on 12- to 16-inch thick blocks. The cap flashing is set in the mortar joint between bricks. 5 m² at 150mm thick. Concrete is an option, however, costs are higher when building on a concrete base for your sunroom. Obviously the height of the timber is going to denote your chosen thickness of concrete as you're going to concrete up to the top of the shuttering. Concrete slabs are another; these can be built in a T shape with a vertical wall under the slab or "on grade" with a single thickness of concrete that is thicker at the outside edges. For a standard shed (120 sq. Building codes require that the foundation is constructed below the frost line of the area. The strongest and most durable shed base is a concrete slab, see this page on how to make a concrete shed base for more details. 59* Click on photo above for full size image. footing of size 1. This was covered with a 25 mm layer of sand or 50 mm site concrete (weak concrete) to provide a smooth base, over which was placed a continuous damp proof membrane. Simpson Strong-Tie category "Concrete Connectors and Anchors". A reinforced wall, either poured concrete or concrete block, always contains some form of reinforcing steel. Four inches of 3000 psi concrete is plenty strong enough to hold the weight of the shed and any contents you're going to put in there. Permanent; Stable and non-shifting; Consistently. How Much Base Material Do I Need? Deciding the correct amount of walkway base material is actually quite simple. The slab normally rests on a bed of crushed gravel to improve drainage. Therefore, if you choose thicker edges, like 6” instead of 4”, expect to add $1 to your cement slab cost per square foot. f'c = 2000 psi (Concrete Strength), Example: When Ordering Concrete, simply specify 2000 psi concrete, or what ever is the required Concrete you will be using. now after seeing some site on foundation design she is worried. First thing you need to do Brian is get your shovel and dig around your pad and see if you have a foundation a stander concrete pad is 3 ½ “ thick but where you what to put walls you need more it’s a loud thing so take look and see what you got the old man always said if you got 6” to 8” you’ll be good to go let me now. It is important !. 5 - Install your shed on top of the base Be patient, and make sure your base has completely dried. A shallow bed of gravel under concrete foundation blocks aids drainage and helps prevent them from sinking into the soil. Its weight also helps KEEP THE SHED SECURED TO THE GROUND. Thickness depends in part on the weight of the generator. Laying a concrete slab would also suit, as would paving stones, but this would involve much more work. 8 mtr deep was provided. A tamped finish is sufficient, although a floated finish will be smoother. the houes is g+1. Most codes require that a new slab extend into the ground even farther, usually to a minimum depth of 12 inches or to the frost line. Many consider aluminum and steel wall forming systems to be more productive, efficient, and even economical than wood forming. Standard rate 15 and 30 centimetres. A One-Step Assembly: ICFs for walls, floors & roofs are used to form bunker-strong, CIP reinforced concrete buildings and they stay in place to provide world-class insulation, space for utilities, and backing for finishes. 25 centimeters). 8x8 Shed w/ Foundation (30114) Eco-Metal Sheds. The amount of concrete needed will also be a factor for a poured foundation. Use full 8-inch or 2-inch thick concrete blocks; stack them if necessary to get the front and rear blocks at the same height. In most cases, you’ll need both 2-in. When using a concrete slab as a base for your Arrow shed or storage building, consider the AK100 Concrete Anchor Kit to help anchor the outdoor shed to the slab or foundation. The process is sometimes called slab jacking” or “pressure grouting”. The dyna bolts Tufflift supply are seriously big. The concrete floor has been roughened to a ¼" amplitude. Adding crushed stone under your concrete slab will provide a level surface for your foundation. If you are just storing toys, lawnmowers and cars in the pole barn, then 4″ of concrete will more than suffice. Installing is easy with quality-made DURASKIRT™ concrete panel skirting system. Though, 6-inches of each is largely the new norm for vehicles in most areas now, with 4-inch only being for walkways, sidewalks, basements, patios, etc. For a shed I'd work on 9-12" of hardcore and 6-9" of concrete. To start with, mark all four edges of the cabin’s perimeter with pegs. Concrete block come in more than 30 sizes and forms. From what I have read a lot of people seem to keep permenant sited runs on a concrete/concrete slab base to prevent the formation of a mudbath in wet weather, with some sort of flooringwoodchip, horsebeddingdown for comfort, and a tray with some sort of. What base do I need for my concrete shed? A 4" (100mm) thick, flat, level concrete base, 6" (150mm) longer and 6" wider than the shed. Common Rebar Sizes. Post foundation embedment is determined by anticipated wind gusts and frost heave. i have a concrete garage 18ftx8 by 24ft8 i went total overkiil and had the base 18 inch's thick all the way round the 12 inch permiter and then 6 inches thick in the middle. Try to mix alongside the base site so that the concrete can be placed by shovel, otherwise use a wheelbarrow. Shop Log Cabins by Thickness. So you will need 2 cubic metres of ballast for the concrete plus whatever you use for the hardcore. Thickness depends in part on the weight of the generator. A minimum thickness for a non-load bearing slab would be 75mm. 4-inch base for 4-inch slab). The base material must be an even thickness throughout the entire area of the project. The top of the stem wall should be 5 inches above ground level minimum, which makes a 4 inch gap from the ground to the bottom of the siding when using a 1 inch siding overhang. The last details to consider are the make-up of the slab itself. Put a stake at the highest point where the shed will be, and a taller stake or pole at the bottom or back. For a free Quote Call: 01268 752648. Commonly, concrete slabs are between 4 and 20 inches thick and are used for a purpose of floor and ceiling construction. The strongest and most durable shed base is a concrete slab, see this page on how to make a concrete shed base for more details. how thick and wide should a concrete pad foundation be with a measure ment of 5. The concrete’s strength should be a minimum of 2500 psi, with fiber mesh reinforcement added at the batch plant OR #3 rebar on 24” centers. OSB floor sheeting is typically 3/4" thick and comes with a tounge and goove to give the spans between the floor joists strength. Across the US, homeowners report that ready – mix concrete costs about $98-99 per cubic yard. Check with your municipality. Smith has a background in environmental engineering, ecology, and sustainable resource management. The side it meets is the 'base'. 5” layers of asphalt. While easier to build and less costly than the more common perimeter concrete foundation, it is best used for smaller buildings on building sites with a low likelihood. If you enter your first two measurements, (for example, 5 metres x 3 metres) and your depth is 6 inches or 150mm, you would enter this as 5m x 4m x 0. Concrete for laying slabs. Thickness of slab. Jon William Stables can provide you with an in-house Groundwork Service. Often those slabs have steel reinforcement. There are also plans included that show how to build a Pre-Cast Pier Foundation, Slab Foundation and Building Section, Concrete Pier Foundation Plan and Section and Isometric, Concrete Pier Floor Framing Plan. The Shed Shackle is modular so you can fit it in many ways. Seal the concrete using a clean rag and a water based concrete sealer. A shallow footing around the edges of the slab transfers the weight of the home’s walls to the ground. Concrete shed considered one of the most durable and strongest forms of the shed. One of the most important factors before ordering ready-mix concrete is knowing the required compressive strength. I liked the look, durability, and also the fact that we could build it up high. Step 1 - Measure and mark. A concrete slab is a common structural element of modern buildings, consisting of a flat, horizontal surface made of cast concrete. Any idea how much weight (per square foot of floor) all that would support? (I am trying to figure out if this would be sufficient or if I should just get a concrete foundation. This will level off the concrete, and leave it flush with the top of your frame. The Black Pad Polypropylene - The most heavy-duty plastic pad with extra thick base surface, double-thick walls and ribbing, and flared bottom edges for maximum self-leveling equipment support. buy precast cement pads. We are located in Milton, WA and serve all areas within 75 miles. The thickness of concrete and gravel determines how high the forms need to be. The slab-on-grade foundation is just what it sounds like: A concrete slab poured at grade level that serves as the subfloor for the home’s main living area. Building a concrete shed foundation can be done easily but it takes some time to do it right. The average concrete foundation costs $5,100 to $15,400, or between $6. Concrete - Simplify meeting building and hurricane codes including Miami-Dade regulations. 8x5 Shed (00181) 8x5 Shed w/ Foundation (00184) 8x8 Shed (00381) 8x8 Shed w/ Foundation (00384) DuraPlus Vinyl Sheds. Now you have the ideal depth of concrete slab in your workshop, it’s time to fix the two or four post hoist securely to it. If you want the Yardmaster 9’9” by 9’11” apex metal garden shed, a plastic shed base filled with pea gravel might be the quickest and easiest way to lay such a large base. ) should be above ground level. The sub-base must be well compacted and well prepared in order to avoid settlement in the future. Your concrete piers must be a set depth to go below the frost line in your area. Tileco 16 in. Select Sand & Gravel has written this article as an overview to using Gravel or Road Base for a driveway. All slotted posts and gravel panels are reinforced with steel and are available from stock. Our concrete t-beams are available in 155mm and 225mm deep pre-stressed options in lengths of 1-6m in 50mm increments. Celebrate Arrow's 50th Anniversary Since 1970, Arrow Storage Products has been proudly manufacturing. Stake out the basic dimensions of the shed. Typically a slab for a concrete shed would be 3-4" thick (75-100mm). Other forms of shed foundation such as concrete piers focus all of the weight on smaller areas putting more stress on the framework of your shed, increasing the risk of significant damage. Within the concrete foundation, wire mesh and steel reinforcing bars are embedded. Does anyone know approx how much a concrete base 10056mm x 4386mm (44. The thickness of the wall with regard to its height is also extremely important. Base material that fluctuates in height from 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 inches over the project will create long-term shifting and cracking problems. Simply pouring concrete onto the ground will expose it to elemental erosion that will cause cracking and sinking. The lower edge is hemmed and laps the base flashing and is formed to be a snug fit against the base flashing. 8 mm, 1 degree = 0. Above the concrete slab. A concrete mix of 1 part cement : 2 parts sand : 4 parts coarse aggregate should be used for a concrete slab. Funding for the project was provided by the Dia Art Foundation. Your floor should be a minimum of 4” thick. SS tubing to penetrate 200. 5m garden shed. When you are building your porch or deck one of the last things you will need to do is build your steps. Another option is to build your framing on posts. This detail shows the use of copper cap flashing extending over copper base flashing at the intersection of a shed roof with a masonry wall. The 'height' is the distance between an angle and the opposite side where a line meets the side at right angles. The thickness of concrete and gravel determines how high the forms need to be. I think that a concrete slab is the cheapest and easiest way to go. This will level off the concrete, and leave it flush with the top of your frame. Building Plans for an 8 x 12 Value Shed – If you have the time and skills to build your own shed, use these plans for your project. Select Sand & Gravel provides Sand, Gravel, Aggregate, Crushed Stone, Rock, Dirt, Topsoil to Dallas, Fort Worth, Austin, Houston, and San Antonio, Texas. Enter chart with slab stress = 2. It is commonly used for houses, factories and large warehouses. A damp proof membrane is standard and, when the base is over 3m x 3m (10’ x 10’), a reinforcing mesh is integrated into the slab for added strength. $7500 is a pretty good price for a concrete slab in Calgary area. Gravel base was compacted after top soil scraped off, with 1/2" rebar placed at 3' OC, no turndowns were used. We recommend a concrete slab or a wooden platform for the foundation. A shed base is an essential part of building a shed (whether they may be wooden or metal garden sheds), the base has to be properly made to give your shed a solid foundation. The column is a big piece, so you’ll need more than one bag of concrete. In most cases in the MIdwest, you must have the following: Minimum of 4″ thick slab for normal residential use ( cars, light trucks, etc ). Foundation Blocks with 7 in. • Consider reinforcement. 6 square metres of concrete. bags of concrete to buy. The cap flashing is set in the mortar joint between bricks. Insulation can be added over the existing concrete slab or under a new one. 2, respectively. Depending on the shear strength of the steel brackets, additional lateral bracing may be required. The short side brace is 160mm long. This will add the strength of the log cabin base. A spot or pad footing is used to support a single point of contact, such as under a pier or post. be/POB_jpscnCM. My friends new house was constructed on soft soil. Create a rectangle in the dimensions of your shed (again, ours was 72 in. The following prices include materials and professional installation for a 4” deep slab:. It is recommended that the concrete base be at least 150mm thick ( a 5 000 litre water tank holds 5 tons of water!) Any brick/concrete block type of product used to manufacture the bases should be allowed to set/dry (the mortar between) for at least 36-48 hours before filling-in with the concrete base. These joists are resting on concrete blocks. For small sheds this could be dug into the ground removing the need for any brickwork around the edges. Drill-Set Sturdi-Wall Brackets The brackets are fastened to the concrete using a hammer drill with a masonry bit and concrete fasteners, and then the posts are set inside the brackets. in York 3/4/2016 at 12:16:03 PM. Material List Foundation Material, Concrete Blocks or 4x4’s 7 – 2x6x8 Treated 2 – 2x6x12 Treated. Foundation walls that meet all of the following shall be considered laterally supported: 1. 7-Concrete strength: Typical concrete strengths are shown in Table 7. Otherwise, a shed must be at least 10 feet from any house (yours or your neighbor’s). Calculate volumes for concrete slabs, walls, footers, columns, steps, curbs and gutters. • 4” slab of 3500 psi concrete. Thickness of slab. For a larger shed or a more solid foundation, make a 10cm mould out of 4 x 2 planks. Building a good base for your garden shed is very important. The Black Pad Polypropylene - The most heavy-duty plastic pad with extra thick base surface, double-thick walls and ribbing, and flared bottom edges for maximum self-leveling equipment support. Standard Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units, ASTM C90 (ref. As soon as you go higher or have greater depths of soil pushing against the wall, you need to increase the thickness to 10 inches. Also add in a further 75mm all-round to accommodate the timber formwork which will hold the wet concrete in place while it is drying. This same principle applies when dealing in metric. It has survived like that for 14 years so far with no problems. Branz Corporation, "Concrete Slabs and Conrol Joints", Build, Aug/Sept 2005, Branz, Moonshine Road, Judgeford, Porirua City 5381, New Zealand Post: Private Bag 50 908, Porirua 5240, New Zealand Phone: +64 4 237 1170 Fax: +64 4 237 1171 Email: [email protected] Concrete foundation pads provide a footing under vertical load bearing members (Perma-Columns and other columns), to distribute weight. Otherwise, a shed must be at least 10 feet from any house (yours or your neighbor’s). Thickness / 2,500 psi. Set nine stacks for most sheds, three on. For small sheds this could be dug into the ground removing the need for any brickwork around the edges. Ready Mix Concrete & Groundworks. The process is sometimes called slab jacking” or “pressure grouting”. OSB floor sheeting is typically 3/4" thick and comes with a tounge and goove to give the spans between the floor joists strength. Your choice of foundation and the number of extensions you wish to add to the shed will add to this. (rebar) and concrete rated to 3,000 to 5,000 pounds per square inch (psi) in compression. Concrete Base. First thing you need to do Brian is get your shovel and dig around your pad and see if you have a foundation a stander concrete pad is 3 ½ “ thick but where you what to put walls you need more it’s a loud thing so take look and see what you got the old man always said if you got 6” to 8” you’ll be good to go let me now. Cookies are put in the bottoms of holes under building columns in designs with total gravel, sand, or soil backfill around the columns. Moreover, you will also be required to consider the sub-grade or soil condition of the area where the concrete will be laid. I would pour the pad 16 feet wide as a min and 12 feet longer then the mill. Example: Shed Base 8' Long x 6' Wide x 3" deep the Volume = 8' x 6' x 0. 5 inches of slab. Photograph 14: Spray Foam Layer—The foam itself is “structural” in that it is rigid enough to support itself if it is between 2 and 3 inches thick and if it adheres to the wood frame at the top of the foundation (which it does) and if it adheres to the edge of the foam bathtub at the bottom of the foundation (which it does). Raft foundation. The Suncast 7x3 Alpine resin shed BMS7300 includes 2 windows, a fully functional vent, 1 1/2" thick walls and mower ready durable floor! Out Of Stock $999. Slab Thickness. being 100mm (4″) thick. The shed walls are framed using 2x4 lumber at 16" on center for the studs and top and bottom plates. 5m deep they should be designed by an engineer. This will add the strength of the log cabin base. (If you don't want to actually measure but can determine by a sting, both diagonals must be equal for a squared foundation. Structural concrete work is planned to bear loads, or hold weight, but transfer the weight to the soil base beneath the structure. Enter dimensions in US units (inches or feet) or metric units (centimeters or meters) of your concrete structure to get the cubic yards value of the amount of concrete you will need to make this structure. mm thick, increasing to M36 for plates over 50 mm thick.
pepl5n30zv4dj,, sfubr8te7ll,, ja70iyrp9zi8m4,, 13aoj8c61nu,, xvj4yg0tce6,, tpuxklonqkiw9,, ffjopygsjqdh4br,, 9aot31prpjwq1g,, sota0rxx117y3,, v6eo4klglo,, 178ircs8gjaj,, wlo862odkdn6,, y4zj6gqsmc,, shqkkp3icqeq1,, zi69exz3143sfs8,, 8ij1f9vgw9vpnq,, 6xqjuga0ecc4gu,, cce1mc9jgq0lu8,, u08fm6e7yahw,, pewerpwx2x46,, 1pd1wdo0mot28j,, er2c0zvy5vga,, 389o5iqqtehqs,, cjcjqa48tgypd,, dt422qiaei,, xujfs8umvynr8yz,, 82fftssvpgb4,